Dina Boluarte, a 60-year-old lawyer who had been vice chairman, was sworn in as Peru’s first feminine president simply hours after Castillo tried to dissolve Congress in a transfer criticized as an tried coup.
The day of excessive drama started with Castillo dealing with his third impeachment try because the former rural faculty instructor unexpectedly received energy from Peru’s conventional political elite in an election 18 months in the past.
In a televised handle to the nation, the 53-year-old introduced that he was dissolving the opposition-dominated Congress, putting in a curfew, and would rule by decree.
As criticism poured in over the handle, lawmakers defiantly gathered sooner than deliberate to debate the impeachment movement and authorised it, with 101 votes out of a complete of 130 lawmakers.
Castillo was impeached for his “ethical incapacity” to train energy, after a litany of crises together with six investigations towards him, 5 cupboard reshuffles and enormous protests.
The structure permits impeachment proceedings to be introduced towards a president based mostly on alleged political quite than authorized wrongdoing — making impeachments commonplace in Peru.
Castillo was arrested on Wednesday night, stated Marita Barreto, coordinator of a group of prosecutors who take care of authorities corruption.
A supply within the legal professional common’s workplace instructed AFP he was being investigated for insurrection.
Castillo grew to become the third president since 2018 to be sacked beneath the “ethical incapacity” provision within the structure.
Inside two hours, Boluarte took the oath of workplace in entrance of Congress to serve out the remainder of Castillo’s time period, till July 2026.
Peru isn’t any stranger to political instability: it had three totally different presidents in 5 days in 2020, and is now on its sixth president since 2016.
After the impeachment vote, Castillo had left the presidential palace with a bodyguard, heading to the Lima police headquarters earlier than his arrest was formally introduced.
His supporters criticized their chief’s ousting.
“I wish to denounce the truth that our president has been kidnapped by the nationwide police, that he has been detained with premeditation and treachery by Congress,” stated retired soldier Manuel Gaviria, 59.
However in her swearing-in ceremony earlier than lawmakers, donning the presidential sash, Boluarte stated “there was an tried coup by Mr. Pedro Castillo that didn’t obtain any help within the democratic establishments or out within the streets.”
Castillo got here out of seemingly nowhere to win 50.12 p.c of votes in a June 2021 runoff election towards right-wing Keiko Fujimori, the corruption-charged daughter of graft-convicted ex-president Alberto Fujimori.
The ousted president was born in a small village the place he labored as a instructor for twenty-four years, and was largely unknown till he led a nationwide strike in 2017 that pressured the then-government to conform to pay rise calls for.
Castillo sought to painting himself as a humble servant of the individuals, touring on horseback for a lot of his presidential marketing campaign, and promising to finish corruption.
Nevertheless allegations towards him rapidly flooded in.
Investigations he faces vary from alleged graft and obstruction of justice to plagiarizing his college thesis.
In October, Peru’s legal professional common additionally filed a constitutional criticism accusing Castillo of heading a felony group involving his household and allies.
Castillo and his attorneys lengthy argued the investigations towards him had been a part of a plot to unseat him.
“This insupportable state of affairs can’t proceed,” he stated earlier Wednesday as he introduced a plan to convene a brand new Congress to draft an up to date structure inside 9 months.
Lots of of protesters gathered in entrance of Congress forward of the vote.
“We’re bored with this corrupt authorities that was stealing from day one,” stated 51-year-old Johana Salazar.
Ricardo Palomino, 50, a methods engineer, stated Castillo’s try and dissolve parliament was “completely unacceptable and unconstitutional. It went towards the whole lot and these are the results.”
Forward of the impeachment, the USA demanded Castillo “reverse his resolution,” and stated after the vote that it not thought of him to be the president.
“My understanding is that, given the motion of the Congress, he’s now former president Castillo,” State Division spokesman Ned Worth instructed reporters, saying lawmakers took “corrective motion” according to democratic guidelines.
Latin American governments voiced deep concern and appealed for respect for democracy, however there have been additionally hints of help for Castillo from fellow leftist leaders.
Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, considered one of Castillo’s staunchest allies, blamed “financial and political elites” for a hostile atmosphere because the starting of his “legit presidency.”
The federal government of Gustavo Petro, Colombia’s first left-wing president, known as for dialogue involving “all political actors,” including that “democracy requires the popularity of the favored will expressed each within the elections for president and for Congress.”
Brazil was extra vital of Castillo’s actions, calling his try and dissolve Congress a “violation” of democracy and the rule of regulation.